Medicinal Herbs – Latin and Common Name Index

The harvesting and gathering of herbs is one of the pleasures of herbal medicine. Perhaps part of the healing that herbs offer is the connection with nature. No one could deny that spending time in a forest or meadow feels very different from spending time in a large building or in an urban setting where there is little plant life. The gathering of herbs, the handling them, touching them, and handcrafting them into medicines is a healing activity itself. Gathering plant medicines from the wild is referred to as “wildcrafting”.

Herbs are best gathered on a dry day.  The drier the herbs, the less problems with molding and spoiling will be seen with processing. Leaves and flowers can’t really be washed after harvesting if you intend to dry them.  If for some reason the herbs are dirty or muddy, try washing them with a garden hose or watering can while they are still growing and allowing them to dry for a sunny day or two before picking them.  Roots may be, and in fact should be washed after harvesting.  Large root can be scrubbed with a soft bristled brush and small roots rubbed with the fingers under water.   After washing, roots should be dried for several hours on paper towels.  The chopped roots are then fully dried over several days to several weeks’ time.  Leaves are usually dried in several days.

There are several ways to make herbal teas including “infusions” and “decoctions”.  If you have ever poured hot water over an herbal tea bag, you have made an infusion. If you have ever boiled cinnamon sticks and cloves in apple cider, you have made a decoction.  An infusion is the process of steeping herbs in hot water, where a decoction gently simmers the herbs in hot water.   In general, leaves and flowers are best infused since boiling could harm the consituents.  Roots, barks, and seeds, on the other hand are best decocted since these hard woody materials need a bit of boiling to get the constituents out of the fiber.   To prepare an infusion, use 1 tbl of herbs per 1 cup of hot water.  Pour the hot water over the herbs in a pan or teapot, cover with a lid and allow to steep.  To prepare a decoction, 1 tsp of herbs per cup of water is used, the pan is covered and the mixture is gently boiled for 10-15 minutes.

Below are the Medicinal Dry Herbs available or in-stock.

ChamomileAnthemis nobilis – Chamomile is said to take away weariness and pain/inflammation of the bowels. The oil from the flowers can be used against many pains and aches, including joint cramps. Chamomile is also helpful in healing migraines and regulating menstrual periods.

CinquefoilPotentilla reptans – Cinquefoil is used to reduce inflammation. It can also treat sore mouths and ulcers. The juice is known to aid jaundice. As well as helping hoarseness of the throat and cough, Cinquefoil can be applied to painful joints.

ColumbineAquilegia vulgaris – Because columbine is slightly poisonous, its astringent properties are mainly exploited in lotions and used externally.

FeverfewChrysanthemum parthenium – Feverfew is known as an effective treatment for migraine headaches and fevers. It may also help ease diseases like arthritis.

FoxgloveDigitalis purpurea – A pure form of the plant is used to strengthen cardiac contractility and regulates heart rhythm.

Golden RodSolidago virgaurea – Golden rod can be used as a treatment for painful menstruation, arthritis and eczema. Externally, it can be applied to skin ulcers to stimulate healing.

Lady’s Mantlelchemilla vulgaris – This herb has been used to cure excessive menstruation. The root of lady’s mantle has been recommended to stop bleeding.

LavenderLavandula angustifolia – Lavender prevents fainting and allays nausea. In oil form, it is often used in therapeutic baths to reduce stress. It can also lower blood pressure. A small amount makes a useful application on skin diseases like eczema and psoriasis.

LovageLevisticum officinale – Lovage is used as a digestive aid. It eases inward pains. This herb is also known to diminish redness of the eyes.

PennyroyalMentha pulegium – Pennyroyal is said to ease headaches. It has been used as a remedy for colicky pains in the abdomen. It has also been known to ease the feverish symptoms that come with measles and whooping cough.

PoppyPapaver rhoeas – The poppy is known to soothe coughs and induce sleep. The petals are helpful in treating asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough and angina.

PrimrosePrimula vulgaris – Primrose, a sedative, induces rest and sleep by reducing tension. An infusion of the root taken in spoonful doses is effective in healing headaches. It has also been used for treating gout and rheumatism.

RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis – Rosemary has been used to treat headaches, epilepsy and poor circulation. It can also be used as a disinfectant in the form of mouth wash and also to treat fever. It is also reported to stop dandruff and improve memory.

SageSalvia officinalis – Sage is helpful for head pains, hoarseness and cough. It is one of the best known remedies for laryngitis, tonsillitis and sore throats. An infusion of the herb sweetened with honey is mildly laxative and stimulates menstrual flow.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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